Abu-Lughod, Leila (1998) Remaking Women: Feminism and Modernity in the Middle East, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Abu-Lughod, Lila (2002) ‘Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving? Anthropological Reflections on Cultural Relativism and its Others’, American Anthropologist, New Series, 104 (3), pp. 783–90.
Abu-Lughod, Lila (2010) ‘The Active Social Life of ‘Muslim Women’s Rights’: A Plea for Ethnography, Not Polemic, with Cases from Egypt and Palestine’, Journal of Middle-East Women’s Studies, 6(1), pp. 1–45.
Ahmed, Leila (1992) Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate, New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
Al-Ali, Nadje (2012) ‘Gendering the Arab Spring’, Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication, 5(1), pp. 26–31.
Appadurai, Arjun (1996) Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization, Minneapolis & London: University of Minneapolis Press.
Asad, Talal (2009) ‘The Idea of an Anthropology of Islam’, Qui Parle, 17(2), pp. 1–30, .
Badran, Margot (2008) Feminism in Islam: Secular and Religious Convergences, Oxford: Oneworld Press.
Badran, Margot (1995) Feminists, Islam and the Nation: Gender and the Making of Modern Egypt, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Badran, Margot (1994) ‘Gender Activism: Feminists and Islamists in Egypt’, in Valentine M. Moghadam (ed.), Identity Politics and Women: Cultural Reassertions and Feminisms in International Perspective, Boulder, San Francisco & Oxford: Westview Press, pp. 202–27.
Badran, Margot (1991) ‘Competing Agenda: Feminists, Islam and the State in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Egypt’, in Deniz Kandiyoti (ed.), Women, Islam and the State, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire & London: Macmillan Press Ltd., pp. 201–36.
Bhabha, Homi (1990) ‘The Third Space’, in Jonathan Rutherford (ed.), Identity, Community, Culture, Difference, London: Lawrence and Wishart, pp. 207–21.
Bullock, Katherine (2002) Rethinking Muslim and the Veil: Challenging Historical and Modern Stereotypes, London: The International Institute of Islamic Thought.
Chhachhi, Amrita (1991) ‘Forced Identities: the State, Communalism, Fundamentalism and Women in India’, in Deniz Kandoiyoti (ed.), Women, Islam and the State, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, pp. 144–75.
Cinar, Alev (2005) Modernity, Islam and Secularism in Turkey: Bodies, Places and Time, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
de Sousa Santos, Boaventura (2002) Toward a New Legal Common Sense: Law, Globalization, and Emancipation, London: Butterworths Lexis Nexis.
Foley, Rebecca (2004) ‘Muslim Women’s Challenges to Islamic Law’, International Feminist Journal of Politics, 6(1), pp. 53–84.
Forbes, Geraldine H. (1982) ‘From Purdah to Politics: The Social Feminism of the All-India Women’s Organization’, in Hannah Papanek & Gail Minault (eds.), Separate Worlds: Studies of Purdah in South Asia, Delhi: Chanakya Publications, pp. 219–44.
Foucault, Michel (2010) ‘Practices and Knowledge’, in Paul Rabinow (ed.) The Foucault Reader, New York: Vintage Books. A Division of Random House, Inc., pp. 121–239.
Freitag, Sandria B. (1989) Collective Action and Community: Public Arenas and the Emergence of Communalism in India, Berkley & Los Angeles: California University Press.
Göle, Nilüfer (1996) The Forbidden Modern: Civilization and Veiling, Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
Göle, Nilüfer (2000) ‘Snapshots of Islamic Modernities’, Deadalus, 129(1), pp. 91–117.
Göle, Nilüfer (2006) ‘Islamic Visibilities and Public Sphere’, in Nilüfer Göle & Ludwig Ammann (eds.), Islam in Public: Turkey, Iran, and Europe, Istanbul: Istanbul Bilgi University Press, pp. 3–43.
Hasan, Zoya (1998) ‘Gender Politics, Legal Reform, and the Muslim Community in India’, in Patricia Jeffery & Amrita Basu (eds.), Appropriating Gender: Women’s Activism in Politicized Religion in South Asia, New York & London: Routledge, pp. 71–88.
Hasan, Zoya (1999) ‘Muslim Women and the Debate on Legal Reforms’, in Bharati Ray & Aparnu Basu (eds.), From Independence Towards Freedom: Indian Women Since 1947, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. 120–34.
Kandiyoti, Deniz (1991a) ‘Introduction’, in Deniz Kandoiyoti (ed.), Women, Islam and the State, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, pp. 1–21.
Kandiyoti, Deniz (1991b) ‘Bargaining with Patriarchy’, in Judith Lorber & Susann A. Farrell (eds.), The Social Construction of Gender, New Delhi: Sage Publications, Inc., pp. 104–18.
Kidwai, Sabina (2005) ‘Images and Representations of Muslim Women in the Media, 1990–2001’, in Zoya Hasan & Ritu Menon (eds.), In a Minority: Essays on Muslim Women in India, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. 370–98.
Kirmani, Nida (2011a) ‘Beyond the Impasse: ‘Muslim Feminism(s)’ and the Indian Women’s Movement’, Contributions to Indian Sociology, 45(1), pp. 1–26.
Kirmani, Nida (2011b) ‘Re-thinking the Promotion of Women’s Rights through Islam in India’, IDS Bulletin 42(1), pp. 56–66.
Kirmani, Nida (2009) ‘Claiming their Space: Muslim Women-Led Networks and the Women’s Movement in India’, Journal of International Women’s Studies, 11(1), pp. 72–85.
Lateef, Shahida (1990) Muslim Women in India: Political and Private Realities, London & New Jersey: Zed Books Ltd.
Mahmood, Saba (2005) Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject, Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Majid, Anouar (2002) ‘The Politics of Feminism in Islam’, in Therese Saliba, Carolyn Allen & Judith A. Howard (eds.), Gender, Politics, and Islam, Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 53–93.
Mernissi, Fatima (1987a) The Veil and the Male Elite: A Feminist Interpretation of Women’s Rights in Islam, New York: Basic Books.
Mernissi, Fatima (1987b ) Beyond the Veil: Male-Female Dynamics in Modern Muslim Society, Bloomington Indiana: Indiana University Press.
Metcalf, Barbara D. (2004) Islamic Contestations: Essays on Muslims in India and Pakistan, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Minault, Gail (1998) ‘Women, Legal Reform and Muslim Identity’, in Mushirul Hasan (ed.), Islam, Communities and the Nation: Muslim Identities in South Asia and Beyond, New Delhi: Manohar, pp. 139–58.
Minault, Gail (1982) ‘Purdah politics: The Role of Muslim Women in Indian Nationalism, 1911–24’, in Hannah Papanek & Gail Minault (eds.), Separate Worlds: Studies of Purdah in South Asia, New Delhi: Chanakya Publications, pp. 245–61.
Mirza, Qudsia (2008) ‘Islamic Feminism & Gender Equality’, Isim Review, 21, pp. 30–31.
Moghadam, Valentine M. (2005) Globalizing Women: Transnational Feminist Networks, Baltimore & London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Moghadam, Valentine M. (2002) ‘Islamic Feminism and Its Discontents: Towards a Resolution of the Debate’, in Therese Saliba, Carolyn Allen & Judith A. Howard (eds.), Gender, Politics, and Islam, Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 15–51.
Mohnati, Chandra Talpade (1988) ‘Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses’, Feminist Review, 30, pp. 61–88.
Najmabadi, Afsaneh (1993) ‘Veiled Discourse-Unveiled Bodies’, Feminist Studies, 19(3), pp. 487–518.
Narain, Vrinda (1998) ‘Women’s Rights and the Accommodation of Difference: Muslim Women in India’, Southern California Review of Law and Women’s Studies, 8, pp. 43–72.
Naqvi, Farah (2006) ‘Constructing Community’, Seminar 557 [Online], URL: http://www.india-seminar.com/2011/617/617_farah_naqvi.htm [accessed 13 May 2015].
Ong, Aihwa (1990) ‘State versus Islam: Malay Families, Women’s Bodies, and the Body Politic in Malaysia’, American Ethnologist, 17(2), pp. 258–76.
Papanaek, Hanna (1982) ‘Purdah: Separate Worlds and Symbolic Shelter’, in Hannah Papanek & Gail Minault (eds.), Separate Worlds: Studies of Purdah in South Asia, Delhi: Chanakya Publications, pp. 3–53.
Phadke, Shilpa; Ranade, Shilpa; Khan, Sameera (2009) ‘Why loiter? Radical possibilities for gendered dissent’, in Melissa Butcher & Selvaraj Velayutham (eds.), Dissent and Cultural Resistance in Asia’s Cities, New York: Routledge, pp. 185–203.
Pathak, Zakia; Sunder Rajan, Rajeswari (1989) ‘Shabano’, Signs, 14(3), pp 558–82.
Riles, Annelise (2005) ‘A New Agenda for the Cultural Study of Law: Taking on the Technicalities’, Buffalo Law Review, 53, pp. 973–1033.
Said, Edward W. (2003 ) Orientalism, New York: Random House, Inc.
Schneider, Nadja-Christina (2009) ‘Islamic Feminism and Muslim Women’s Rights Activism in India: From Transnational Discourse to Local Movement—or Vice Versa?’, Journal of International Women’s Studies, 11(1), pp. 56–71.
Sunder Rajan, Rajeswari (2003) The Scandal of the State: Women, Law, and Citizenship in Postcolonial India, Durham & London: Duke University Press.
Vatuk, Sylvia (2008) ‘Islamic Feminism in India: Indian Muslim Women Activists and the Reform of Muslim Personal Law’, Modern Asian Studies, 42(2/3), pp. 489–518.